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Women Rights and Globalization. Woman’s Opinion

Currently, the economic inequality and tourism sex crisis has hit areas that seemed sensitive giving people an immoral devotion of how things operate. For instance, women are faced with this issues when diminished to certain levels by men who think money makes them superior. Evidently, I want to present a personal experience of the above notions through my various travels and indulgence with people of different cultures and social classes. Moreover, the global and social scene seems to have a mediocre social perspective on gender sensitive topics, more so in addressing discrimination of women’s rights and poverty in third world countries.

During my early years in school, my parents worked as diplomats, and I was able to travel to certain parts of the world, each of them with a different aspect of social alienation. For instance, during my travel to Africa, I was able to visit Kenya which has its most population living below the poverty line; nonetheless, there are still wealthy individuals and beautiful sceneries as we were able to stay in exotic hotels, Apparently, this is because much of the country’s wealth is dependent on tourism. During my visit, I noted a high level of poverty in the country’s suburbs with people living below a dollar a day regarding expenditure. In most parts, I could notice tourist from other countries seemingly concerned as they could take lots of pictures of the beautiful wildlife to the poor people shelters in the villages. I always questioned what could be the use of these pictures. Moreover, the continued tourism and pictures could have already changed the situation of the villagers, but this was not the case. The tourists only enjoyed the thriving wildlife and taking pictures, but most of them did not offer any assistance them but merely enjoyed their resources. Evidently, they just visited took pictures, but an amicable solution is what the people needed rather than just enjoying their culture without any help.

Notably, prostitution has been evident in the world for centuries, and with thriving industry such as the one in Saudi Arabia, there are various discussions on the legitimacy of the business. Countries such as Netherlands have already legalized prostitutions and people visit the country specifically to explore this market. Though it is deemed as morally incorrect among the social scene, it has seemingly saved the lives of these commercial sex workers in that country. Moreover, the legality of the profession is based on notions and perception of society, for instance, the religious activist has doomed it as an act of evil and a major cause of immorality in the world, coming from a Jewish household I stand no chance in opposing this explanation. Moreover, it is also placed in a professional job if put under scrutiny to ensure that those engaging in the act are put free of harm and the governments collect revenues from it (Abel and Taina). The campaigners also argue on the basis of choices that prostitution is based on one’s preference such as choice of taking a certain bar of chocolate despite the long-term health effects such as obesity.

In addition, as a freshman at Binghamton University in New York, I am focused to study notions of societies’ view on women and their negative notions on our education. Moreover, I am focused to ensure that I inform more girls on the continuing world issues and join programs on women empowerment on globalization to end poverty and sex work that is evident due to tourism. Evidently, through my various travels and association in different schools, I have witnessed lots of perception on poor people, women, and children being in situations inhumane and worse compared to the social aspects we witness in the U.S. Through my experience, I am determined to make a change and inform others so as to have a fair world.

Gender and economic inequalities in tourism
“Sex tourism requires Third World women to be economically desperate enough to enter into prostitution; having done so it is made difficult to leave. The other side of the equation requires men from affluent societies to imagine certain women, usually women of colour, to be more available and submissive than women in their own countries. Finally, the industry depends on an alliance between local governments in search of foreign currency and local foreign business willing to invest in sexualised travel”.

Evidently, tourism prostitution has held significance in the contemporary society, a lot of tourists are taking trips the foreign countries for the need of commercial sex despite tourism being a major player in the world economy. Commercial sex has remained a vividly researched industry, it mainly lie’s in the third world countries with economic inequalities and low employment levels for women thus their engagement in the sex trade. In this case, this paper presents the ordeal and situations that these women go through in perceptive of family, society and personal their fate in the hands of these sex motivated tourists. However, if the local governments provide better incentives on labor and provide employment opportunities, these women would have better social status and work on well-paying jobs not be in the humiliating aspect of the shaming business.

Firstly, the first global evidence of tourism prostitution started in South East Asia but is tremendously growing to other parts of the world from, Bangkok to African countries such as Kenya. Most of these countries have exhibited extreme levels of poverty thus the tourists taking advantage of the women there. However, there have been questions arising on the sustainability of these industries, some countries such as Costa Rica have already legalized the trade, this move has to raise queries whether it ethical or it’s just a way of economic development. Moreover with the industries’ main clients as men and the product of women have raised equality issues, in this case, set tourism should be discussed and considered by governments based on all legal and health matters to ensure the safety of its citizens.

Notably, despite the situation the women are prescribed through some of the sex tourisms, there is still another group of women playing ethical roles in the tourism industry. For instance, there is the issue of underpaid beach workers, attendants and hotel maids whose work is to cater for the well-being of the tourists but receive low pay; these women do this in seek of better livelihoods and only as a tourist is when you notice the orderly that they go through. For instance, in Portugal, they work in factories making garments that are used for the European fashion market and the women who wear them show up later in their beaches as a tourist. Such situations only depict the inequality and exploitation that the women have to endure to earn a living, moreover such situation bring disparities between women tourists and the locals who sometimes see them as mere creatures of privilege as they all work equally hard.

In addition, much of the tourism industry is evidently gendered for instance, since the olden times men were the ones considered as travelers., For instance, they were allowed to go the city and look for work, go the navy and even go for explorations but in any case when a woman did these it was deemed as immoral or she was told that she had despised family, this notion is exemplified to the tourism sector where most of the tourism are men, and the attendant of this industry remain as local women. Moreover, the women remain as primary players in the industry through their work in local hotels and beaches, in conclusion, tourisms continues to develop inequality in bases or revenue and system of governance promoting the financially sound and the political stable while peasants remain objects of the industry.

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Woman

Women and Criminal Justice: Women and Victimization

It is reported that about 25 percent of women in college will account some form of victimization in their learning institution with sexual violence noted to be the most common act of offense to women. The realization that women are still being harassed in the twenty-first century in the various settings is thus a major motivator for the need to examine the trends in victimization, which can be used in the institution of measures to prevent the risk factors. The section of the topic is, however, based on the realization that recently, many other effects have been reported among women that are beyond the mostly cited stress and social challenges that abused women have to overcome. A new trend has been reported in that when women become victims of harassment, there is a likelihood that they will end up participating in criminal activities because of the psychological stressors that they are forced to overcome.

The foundation for settling on the topic was from the quoted cases of women becoming victims of crime and as a result of feeling socially traumatized that they end up engaging in crime. The theme of the paper is particularly relevant because it builds on the learned concepts throughout the semester on the subject of women and criminal justice. The topic relates females as offenders from the perspective that while they could be thought of as stigmatized being, women have ended up engaging in criminal activities as a statement of the oppression that is subjected to them.

The Explanation of Women Victimization and Criminal Activities

Violent childhood and adult experiences especially regarding physical abuse have been identified to be one of the leading causes of women engaging in crime. The effect can be described by the review of the principle of control theory, which establishes that weak social bonds have been identified to be the cause of a majority of criminal activities. Usually, the motivation for batterers is to inflict both physical and emotional pain on their victims, with the outcome mainly involving social isolation. Relating the effect of loneliness and depression that results from the assault incidences is thus a suitable reason to describe the rising incidences of criminal activities perpetrated by women. The findings that have been established on the role of social and other traditional theories has been backed by the finding that like males, women tend to come from backgrounds that are associated with poor education, low income and most importantly, a minority status. The effect of feeling stigmatized and the consequence of being a social minor thus justifies the reason for female participation in crime following prior exposures to oppressive and discriminative behavior.

Women as Offenders

Early exposure to physical abuse has explicitly been recognized to be a huge factor in causing a woman to feel the desire of expressing her pain through crime. According to Lake, this effect classifies to be a major player in a majority of the female crimes especially when the abuse was from the domestic setting. Schwartz and Steffensmeier highlight that the trends of crime for both sexes has been on the rise since the 1960s. However, offense rates for women have shifted towards participating in minor crimes as opposed to the males who tend to be associated with the heinous misconducts. While men tend to account for 29 percent of crimes related to liquor laws and drug abuse, women only accounted for an average of 15 percent. The realization that women have increasingly been involved in criminal activities due to being sexually harassed has, however, been a significant subject with reports indicating women tend to engage in gangs and substance abuse.

One of the ways that harassed women cover for the oppression subjected to them has been through the formation of gangs. While ganging was previously an activity practiced by males, recent data has shown that females are now taking up roles as cheerleaders and camp followers. Other than the secondary roles, there have also been notable cases of women acting as male gang informants which stresses the role that they play even in criminal situations. In a majority of the cases interviewing of the female participant in the gang-related activities has shown that subjects tend to engage in the activities as a result of gender, race, and discrimination based on social class.

The other trend that victimized women have been reported to follow later in life is engagement in drug dependency and substance abuse, with related reports indicating a direct correlation to minor crimes. As a result of feeling alienated in the society, reports have shown that women are more likely to participate on burglary and robbery incidents due to being heavily under the influence. The outcome of this factor is, however, due to a complicated interplay of depression, a lack of income0generating venture, and the effect of acting under influence, which can be argued to be the ultimate cause of criminal behavior.

The Past, Present, and the Future

Women and victimization that leads to criminal behavior is a subject that has only gained interest in recent times. While oppression was rampant in the past, I think that there were not many reports of the correlational effect of engaging in criminal activities because many women would choose not to engage in any controversial behavior because of the likelihood of being victimized more. The present state is the manifestation of women trying to come out of the comfort zone following being oppressed, which could be attributed to women empowerment that is common in the current generation. Heading into the future, it is projected that there will be more adverse and rampant incidences because, with the growth in technology, social ties are being lost, which further breaks social bonds. The involvement of women in crime is thus a critical subject that needs urgent intervention to salvage the situation especially following report that many women are being reported in

Conclusion

The topic of women and victimization is a significant topic that is worth researching based on the recent correlation that has been established linking women to crime due to prior incidences of oppression. Two of the primary criminal activities that women have being reported to engage have been substance abuse and being involved in gangs that commit crimes. Theoretically, the explanation for the trend is based in the understanding of the social theory that underscores that the effect of joining in crime is augmented when the subject has a poor foundation in their social bonds and domestic foundation. With the rising incidences in the present as opposed to the past, it is suggested that unless efforts are instituted to curb the effect, it is anticipated that there will be more grave outcomes in the future.